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Textbook systems worldwide

Länderprofil

Greece


Bildungssystem

Das Bildungssystem ist zentral organisiert.

"The Greek education system remains a fairly centralized system, since the essential competences for the educational policy and administration of education are all centralized under the responsibility of the Minister of Education, Research and Religious Affairs." https://eacea.ec.europa.eu/national-policies/eurydice/content/organisation-and-governance-33_en

zuletzt geprüft: 18.06.2019


Lehrpläne

Lehrplan basiertes System

"Current primary education National Curricula are modeled on the basis of the Cross Thematic Curriculum Framework for Compulsory Education (DEPPS) (Ministerial Decisions 21072β/Γ2/28-2-2003 and 21072α/Γ2/28-2-2003). The cross-thematic approach defines the structure of teaching. It aims at a balanced horizontal and vertical distribution of educational material. It promotes cognitive subjects interconnection as well as comprehensive analysis of key concepts. In addition, the innovative "Flexible Zone of Interdisciplinary and Creative Activities" is part of DEPPS. National Curricula for each subject are organised into 6 levels (each of them corresponding to one (1) out of six (6) Primary School Grades or into fewer levels depending on the subject. [...] The syllabus for the subjects taught during morning classes is compulsory for all pupils at all Primary School Grades (i.e. syllabus content and its distribution across all 6 Grades). The teaching subjects of the Single Type of All-day Primary School are: Religious Education, Language, Mathematics, History, Study of the Environment, Geography, Natural Sciences, Civics Education, Arts Education (Visual Arts, Music, Drama), Physical Education, Foreign Languages, Flexible Zone and ICT. " https://eacea.ec.europa.eu/national-policies/eurydice/content/teaching-and-learning-primary-education-20_en

zuletzt geprüft: 18.06.2019


Pflichtschulzeit

"Compulsory education lasted 9 years until 2007, comprising the elementary school (dimotiko) and the gymnasium. From 2007, compulsory education is also expanded to the last year of the early childhood education; it thus lasts 10 years."

Erdmann, Elisabeth; Hasberg, Wolfgang (2011): Facing - mapping - bridging diversity. Foundation of a European discourse on history education. Schwalbach/Ts.: Wochenschau-Verl (History education international, 1,1), p. 354.


Schulbuchproduktion

Die Schulbuchproduktion ist staatlich organisiert. Die Schulbuchproduktion wird von privatwirtschaftlichen Unternehmen durchgeführt.

"Under the new law 3966/2011 its name was changed to Computer Technology Institute and Press and it was established as the technological pillar supporting CTI in education and as the publishing body of Greek school books and electronic educational materials." http://www.cti.gr/en/generalinfo-en

zuletzt geprüft: 18.06.2019


SchulbuchautorInnen

Andere

"People directly commissioned by State have written the books. Usually they were teachers who received just a low lump sum fee. The Public heavily criticized this system." http://www.patakis.gr/ViewShopArticle.aspx?ArticleId=1839

zuletzt geprüft: 18.06.2019


Schulbuchzulassung

Schulbücher sind für den Gebrauch an Schulen zugelassen.

"The selection and approval of the material is conducted at central level by the Ministry of Education, Research and Religious Affairs, following the evaluation of the said material and recommendation by the Institute of Educational Policy." https://eacea.ec.europa.eu/national-policies/eurydice/content/teaching-and-learning-primary-education-20_en

zuletzt geprüft: 18.06.2019

"[...] the following courses are included in the primary education program: Religious Education, Modern Greek Language, Mathematics, History Environmental Studies, Geography, Physics, Social Sciences and Civics, Music and Art, Physical Education, Foreign Language, School Life and Olympic Culture.
[...] The lower secondary education program is common to all schools and the main subject areas it includes are: Religious Education, Ancient Greek Language, Ancient Greek Literature, Contemporary Greek Language, Contemporary Greek Literature, History, Citizenship and Social Studies, Foreign Language (English, French or German), Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Geography, Physical Education, Music, Arts, Home Economics, Computer Science and Technology." http://redfame.com/journal/index.php/jets/article/download/3036/3191

zuletzt geprüft: 18.06.2019


Schulbuchauswahl

Ministerium Schule

"There are approved textbooks for each subject and grade.  The selection and approval of the material is conducted at central level by the Ministry of Education, Research and Religious Affairs, following the evaluation of the said material and recommendation by the Educational Policy Institute, former Pedagogic Institute." https://eacea.ec.europa.eu/national-policies/eurydice/content/teaching-and-learning-primary-education-20_en

zuletzt geprüft: 18.06.2019


Lehrmittelfreiheit

Schulbücher werden den SchülerInnen kostenlos zur Verfügung gestellt.

"Attendance in primary education state schools is free of charge and includes the provision of textbooks and any additional material to every pupil." https://eacea.ec.europa.eu/national-policies/eurydice/content/early-childhood-and-school-education-funding-33_en

zuletzt geprüft: 18.06.2019


LehrerInnenausbildung

LehrerInnen benötigen einen Universitätsabschluss. LehrerInnen benötigen eine zusätzliche praktische Ausblidung.

"Individuals who want to work as teachers in pre-school, primary and secondary levels study for four years at "Faculties of Teacher Training". Teachers of Art branches are receiving diplomas from Fine Arts Schools. [...] However, newly appointed teachers can not immediately switch to permanent staff; they serve as intern teacher for two years. During this time trainee teachers are required to attain the necessary level of pedagogical and educational competence and to know the educational environment they are in (webgate.ec.empa.eu). In addition, teachers at all levels of education have to attend in-service trainings given at universities at certain times under the control of MERRA (Marlow-Ferguson, 2002)." http://redfame.com/journal/index.php/jets/article/download/3036/3191

zuletzt geprüft: 18.06.2019


Geschichte

Geschichte ist ein Einzelfach.

"[...] the following courses are included in the primary education program: Religious Education, Modern Greek Language, Mathematics, History Environmental Studies, Geography, Physics, Social Sciences and Civics, Music and Art, Physical Education, Foreign Language, School Life and Olympic Culture.
[...] The lower secondary education program is common to all schools and the main subject areas it includes are: Religious Education, Ancient Greek Language, Ancient Greek Literature, Contemporary Greek Language, Contemporary Greek Literature, History, Citizenship and Social Studies, Foreign Language (English, French or German), Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Geography, Physical Education, Music, Arts, Home Economics, Computer Science and Technology." http://redfame.com/journal/index.php/jets/article/download/3036/3191

zuletzt geprüft: 18.06.2019


Politik/Sozialkunde

Politik/Sozialkunde ist ein Kombinationsfach.

"[...] the following courses are included in the primary education program: Religious Education, Modern Greek Language, Mathematics, History Environmental Studies, Geography, Physics, Social Sciences and Civics, Music and Art, Physical Education, Foreign Language, School Life and Olympic Culture.
[...] The lower secondary education program is common to all schools and the main subject areas it includes are: Religious Education, Ancient Greek Language, Ancient Greek Literature, Contemporary Greek Language, Contemporary Greek Literature, History, Citizenship and Social Studies, Foreign Language (English, French or German), Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Geography, Physical Education, Music, Arts, Home Economics, Computer Science and Technology." http://redfame.com/journal/index.php/jets/article/download/3036/3191

zuletzt geprüft: 18.06.2019


Geographie

Geographie ist ein Einzelfach.

"[...] the following courses are included in the primary education program: Religious Education, Modern Greek Language, Mathematics, History Environmental Studies, Geography, Physics, Social Sciences and Civics, Music and Art, Physical Education, Foreign Language, School Life and Olympic Culture.
[...] The lower secondary education program is common to all schools and the main subject areas it includes are: Religious Education, Ancient Greek Language, Ancient Greek Literature, Contemporary Greek Language, Contemporary Greek Literature, History, Citizenship and Social Studies, Foreign Language (English, French or German), Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Geography, Physical Education, Music, Arts, Home Economics, Computer Science and Technology." http://redfame.com/journal/index.php/jets/article/download/3036/3191

zuletzt geprüft: 18.06.2019


Bildungsreformen

1927, Law about Compulsory Education: "In 1927, years of compulsory attendance in the elementary education could not be less than 6. The system remained untouched until the 1970s." https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/31853/1/MPRA_paper_31853.pdf

zuletzt geprüft: 18.06.2019

1975, Law (Law 186): "In Greece, most of the reforms concerning teachers were launched in the 1970s. For instance, the Law 186 of 1975 which established the Centre for Studies in Education and Training ("Kέντρο Μελετών και Επιμόρφωσης", or ΚΕΜΕ) and abolished the Higher Education Council whose main responsibility had been to plan educational policy and promote educational activities at all levels of schooling." https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/31853/1/MPRA_paper_31853.pdf

zuletzt geprüft: 18.06.2019

1976, Law about Compulsory Education: "In 1976, the 9-year free of charge education was established for all Greek children aged 6 to 15 […]." https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/31853/1/MPRA_paper_31853.pdf

zuletzt geprüft: 18.06.2019

1976, Law (Law 309): "Among the main reforms of the 20th century is the Law 309 of 1976 on the organization and administration of General Education. This law replaced classical Greek by modern Greek ("demotiki") as the official language for teaching at all levels of education and extended compulsory schooling from 6 to 9 years (thereby embedding secondary education). The former non-compulsory 6-year "Gymnasio" was replaced by a compulsory 3-year "Gymnasio" for pupils aged 12-15 providing lower secondary education." https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/31853/1/MPRA_paper_31853.pdf

zuletzt geprüft: 18.06.2019

1985, Law (Law 1566/1985): "Moreover, the Law 1566 of 1985 (still in force) defining the structure and operation of Primary and Secondary Education established the new procedure for drawing up new curricula and for the writing of the corresponding new textbooks. It has also set out the following principles: every pupil’s school book should be accompanied by a corresponding teacher’s book; the establishment of the single-accent system (monotoniko systema) in the Modern Greek language; further education for teachers; etc. It supplemented and enhanced the 1976 reform and incorporated all laws passed between 1981 and 1985." https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/31853/1/MPRA_paper_31853.pdf

zuletzt geprüft: 18.06.2019

1992, Presidential Decree 250: "The Presidential Decree 250 of 1992 offered a new teacher training structure with a common curriculum for all PEKs, which included courses in academic subjects, teaching methodologies and the use of computers." https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/31853/1/MPRA_paper_31853.pdf

zuletzt geprüft: 18.06.2019

1995, Decrees and Laws which supplemented Law 1566 (1995-1998): "Presidential Decree 8/10-01-1995 and its supplementary PD 121/18-04-1995 by which the method of assessing the pupils is differentiated; it is now treated as an on-going pedagogical process. Also, by PD 201/1998 issues related to the operation of Primary schools are further regulated. Law 2327/1995 has established the National Education Council (“EΣYΠ/ESYP”), the Educational Research Centre (“KEE”), the Institute for Continuing Adult Education (“IΔEKEIDEKE”) and the Educational Centres Supporting Education (“MOKEΣE/MOKESE”). Law 2341/1995 regarding the education of the Muslim minority, Law 2413/1996 by which the new method of education for children from abroad was instituted, and Law 2525/1997 by which “Oloimera Demotika Scholeia” were established, are still in force and a unified viewpoint of the Analytical Curricula for Primary and Secondary Education through the Cross-curricular Single Framework for Curricula, is foreseen." https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/31853/1/MPRA_paper_31853.pdf

zuletzt geprüft: 18.06.2019

1997, Law (Law 2525/1997): "[…] Law 2525/1997 by which “Oloimera Demotika Scholeia” were established, are still in force and a unified viewpoint of the Analytical Curricula for Primary and Secondary Education through the Cross-curricular Single Framework for Curricula, is foreseen." https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/31853/1/MPRA_paper_31853.pdf

zuletzt geprüft: 18.06.2019

2007, Compulsory education: "Compulsory education lasted 9 years until 2007, comprising the elementary school (dimotiko) and the gymnasium. From 2007, compulsory education is also expanded to the last year of the early childhood education; it thus lasts 10 years."

Erdmann, Elisabeth; Hasberg, Wolfgang (2011): Facing - mapping - bridging diversity. Foundation of a European discourse on history education. Schwalbach/Ts.: Wochenschau-Verl (History education international, 1,1), p. 355.

2011, Abolishment of Centre for Educational Research, Teacher Training Agency and the Pedagogical Institute (Law 3966/2011): "This law [Law 3966/2011] establishes the Educational Policy Institute, abolishes the Centre for Educational Research, Teacher Training Agency and the Pedagogical Institute, renames the Research Academic Computer Technology Institute into Computer Technology Institute and Publications "Diophantus", and regulates the institutional framework of Pilot Schools." https://eacea.ec.europa.eu/national-policies/eurydice/content/legislation-27_en

zuletzt geprüft: 18.06.2019


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