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Textbook systems worldwide

Länderprofil

Ireland


Bildungssystem

Das Bildungssystem ist zentral organisiert.

"Ireland’s education system is largely centralized. Overall responsibility for education lies with the Minister for Education and Skills, who is a member of the Irish government and responsible to the national parliament. In practice, the Department of Education and Skills (DES), together with a number of bodies under its aegis, is responsible for running the Irish education system." http://timssandpirls.bc.edu/timss2015/encyclopedia/countries/ireland/

zuletzt geprüft: 19.06.2019


Lehrpläne

Lehrplan basiertes System

"The curriculum for Ireland's primary and post-primary schools is determined by the Minister for Education and Science who is advised by the National Council for Curriculum and Assessment. The curriculum sets out not only what is to be taught, but how, and how learning in the particular subject area is to be assessed." https://www.education.ie/en/Schools-Colleges/Information/Curriculum-and-Syllabus/

zuletzt geprüft: 19.06.2019


Pflichtschulzeit

"Children are required to attend school by law, or otherwise receive a suitable minimum education, from the age of 6 to 16." https://eacea.ec.europa.eu/national-policies/eurydice/content/organisation-education-system-and-its-structure-37_en

zuletzt geprüft: 19.06.2019


Schulbuchproduktion

Die Schulbuchproduktion wird von privatwirtschaftlichen Unternehmen durchgeführt.

"Textbooks for schools are prepared by educational publishers, who usually commission expert teachers to write material. The DES and the NCCA maintain ongoing contact with the Irish Educational Publishers Association regarding emerging developments. However, neither the Department nor the NCCA approve textbooks for use in schools." https://eacea.ec.europa.eu/national-policies/eurydice/content/teaching-and-learning-primary-education-21_en

zuletzt geprüft: 19.06.2019


Schulbuchzulassung

[There is no state approval in Ireland.] [For specific details see the table on pages 68 and 70.] http://biriwa.com/iartem/ejournal/volume4.2/papers/Paper4_Wilkens_ApprovalSystemsandPISA_Final_Vol4No2.pdf

zuletzt geprüft: 19.06.2019


Schulbuchauswahl

Schule

"Schools are free to determine locally what textbooks and resources should be used, but are advised to avoid frequent changes in texts which might give rise to unnecessary additional costs for parents. " https://eacea.ec.europa.eu/national-policies/eurydice/content/teaching-and-learning-primary-education-21_en

zuletzt geprüft: 19.06.2019


Lehrmittelfreiheit

Schulbücher stehen den SchülerInnen nicht kostenlos zur Verfügung.

"There is a grant towards free textbooks for needy pupils, but this is much less that the actual cost of books. Schools are also encouraged to operate book rental schemes. Schools designated as disadvantaged receive higher rates of capitation grant and school book grants. Otherwise, costs for books and resources are borne by parents." https://eacea.ec.europa.eu/national-policies/eurydice/content/teaching-and-learning-primary-education-21_en

zuletzt geprüft: 19.06.2019


LehrerInnenausbildung

LehrerInnen benötigen einen Universitätsabschluss.

"As stated in the introduction, the duration of courses for the Bachelor of Education (B.Ed.,) course has been four years since September 2012. There is one private provider of courses for teacher education in Ireland, Hibernia College, that provides much online and some face-to-face tuition. A further consecutive model is also available in four of the State funded Colleges and in the private college. This requires that students holding an honours primary degree complete a two years post-graduate course in primary teaching. There are fifteen providers of post-primary initial teacher education. The majority of post-primary teachers follow the consecutive model in that student teachers initially complete a primary degree of 3-4 years duration in a recognised third-level institution that may be State or privately funded. They then complete a university postgraduate course of two years leading to the Professional Diploma in Education (PDE). The concurrent model consists of four or five-year combined programmes of academic and professional studies leading to the award of a degree from a recognised third-level institution." https://eacea.ec.europa.eu/national-policies/eurydice/content/initial-education-teachers-working-early-childhood-and-school-education-36_en

zuletzt geprüft: 19.06.2019

"Although teachers are expected to participate regularly in professional development, it is not compulsory." http://timssandpirls.bc.edu/timss2015/encyclopedia/countries/ireland/teachers-teacher-education-and-professional-development/

zuletzt geprüft: 19.06.2019


Geschichte

Geschichte ist ein Kombinationsfach.

"The subject groups (which are not always mutually exclusive) contain the following combinations according to the Rules and Programme for Secondary Schools:
- Languages: Irish, English, French, German, Italian, Spanish, Latin, Ancient Greek, Hebrew Studies, Japanese, Russian, Arabic, Classical Studies (13 subjects). Other European Union and other languages are also examined as non-syllabus subjects, principally as ‘mother-tongue’ languages.
- Sciences: mathematics, physics, chemistry, physics and chemistry, biology, applied mathematics, agricultural science (7 subjects).
- Business studies: accounting, business studies, economics (3 subjects).
-Applied Science: engineering, design and communication graphics, construction studies, physics and chemistry, agricultural science, home economics (scientific and social), agricultural economics, technology (8 subjects).
- Social studies: history, geography, art (including crafts), music, home economics (scientific and social), religious studies (6 subjects)." http://www.ibe.unesco.org/sites/default/files/Ireland.pdf

zuletzt geprüft: 19.06.2019


Politik/Sozialkunde

Politik/Sozialkunde ist ein Kombinationsfach.

"The subject groups (which are not always mutually exclusive) contain the following combinations according to the Rules and Programme for Secondary Schools:
- Languages: Irish, English, French, German, Italian, Spanish, Latin, Ancient Greek, Hebrew Studies, Japanese, Russian, Arabic, Classical Studies (13 subjects). Other European Union and other languages are also examined as non-syllabus subjects, principally as ‘mother-tongue’ languages.
- Sciences: mathematics, physics, chemistry, physics and chemistry, biology, applied mathematics, agricultural science (7 subjects).
- Business studies: accounting, business studies, economics (3 subjects).
-Applied Science: engineering, design and communication graphics, construction studies, physics and chemistry, agricultural science, home economics (scientific and social), agricultural economics, technology (8 subjects).
- Social studies: history, geography, art (including crafts), music, home economics (scientific and social), religious studies (6 subjects)." http://www.ibe.unesco.org/sites/default/files/Ireland.pdf

zuletzt geprüft: 19.06.2019


Religion

Religion ist ein Einzelfach.

"The subject groups (which are not always mutually exclusive) contain the following combinations according to the Rules and Programme for Secondary Schools:
- Languages: Irish, English, French, German, Italian, Spanish, Latin, Ancient Greek, Hebrew Studies, Japanese, Russian, Arabic, Classical Studies (13 subjects). Other European Union and other languages are also examined as non-syllabus subjects, principally as ‘mother-tongue’ languages.
- Sciences: mathematics, physics, chemistry, physics and chemistry, biology, applied mathematics, agricultural science (7 subjects).
- Business studies: accounting, business studies, economics (3 subjects).
-Applied Science: engineering, design and communication graphics, construction studies, physics and chemistry, agricultural science, home economics (scientific and social), agricultural economics, technology (8 subjects).
- Social studies: history, geography, art (including crafts), music, home economics (scientific and social), religious studies (6 subjects)." http://www.ibe.unesco.org/sites/default/files/Ireland.pdf

zuletzt geprüft: 19.06.2019


Geographie

Geographie ist ein Kombinationsfach.

"The subject groups (which are not always mutually exclusive) contain the following combinations according to the Rules and Programme for Secondary Schools:
- Languages: Irish, English, French, German, Italian, Spanish, Latin, Ancient Greek, Hebrew Studies, Japanese, Russian, Arabic, Classical Studies (13 subjects). Other European Union and other languages are also examined as non-syllabus subjects, principally as ‘mother-tongue’ languages.
- Sciences: mathematics, physics, chemistry, physics and chemistry, biology, applied mathematics, agricultural science (7 subjects).
- Business studies: accounting, business studies, economics (3 subjects).
-Applied Science: engineering, design and communication graphics, construction studies, physics and chemistry, agricultural science, home economics (scientific and social), agricultural economics, technology (8 subjects).
- Social studies: history, geography, art (including crafts), music, home economics (scientific and social), religious studies (6 subjects)." http://www.ibe.unesco.org/sites/default/files/Ireland.pdf

zuletzt geprüft: 19.06.2019


Bildungsreformen

1926, School Attendance Act: "However, it is only in 1926, through the School Attendance Act, that school was made compulsory between age 6 and age 12." https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/31853/1/MPRA_paper_31853.pdf

zuletzt geprüft: 19.06.2019

1937, Irish Constitution: "The Article 42 of the Constitution of Ireland (1937) clearly establishes the parents as having the primary rights and responsibilities for the education of their children. Article 42.2 of the Constitution requires the State to provide for - but not supply - free primary education. If the State ensures that a place is available to a child in a school that respects parental freedom of conscience and lawful preference, then the State has discharged its Constitutional obligation. Education is compulsory from the age of 6 to 16 years of age,but parents have the right to educate their children at home if they provide evidence of being able to provide it satisfactorily. Article 42.3.2 asserts that the State as guardian of the common good shall require in view of actual conditions that the children shall receive a certain minimum education, moral, intellectual and social. There is also provision in Article 42.5 that where parents for physical or moral reasons fail in their duty towards their children, the State shall endeavour to supply the place of parents, by appropriate means." https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/31853/1/MPRA_paper_31853.pdf

zuletzt geprüft: 19.06.2019

1967, Introduction of Free Secondary Education: "The introduction of free secondary education in 1967 played an important role in Ireland. The so-far dual system of education got altered by the permission granted to vocational schools to enter pupils for the same public examinations as the traditional secondary schools. Consequently, comprehensive and community schools were established during the 1970s in a number of areas where second level schools were not easily accessible." https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/31853/1/MPRA_paper_31853.pdf

zuletzt geprüft: 19.06.2019

1971, Primary School Curriculum: "In 1971, a new innovative and progressive curriculum was introduced for primary schools which remained operative until 1999 (date of the approval of the New Primary School curriculum currently in force)." https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/31853/1/MPRA_paper_31853.pdf

zuletzt geprüft: 19.06.2019

1998, Education Act: "The 1998 Education Act represents the most comprehensive educational legislation affecting schools in the history of Irish education. This act contained two important amendments to earlier legislation. The Intermediate Education (Ireland) Act of 1878 was amended to enable the Minister to include an examination in religious instruction, if so desired. In turn, the 1998 Act amended the Vocational Education Act of 1930 by replacing 'an officer of the Minister' by 'a person' who may act on the Minister's behalf. It made provision for primary, post-primary, adult and continuing education, and vocational education and training, to every person in the State." https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/31853/1/MPRA_paper_31853.pdf

zuletzt geprüft: 19.06.2019

2000, Education Welfare Act: "More recently, the Education (Welfare) Act of 2000, which became operational in 2002, stipulated the guidelines for attendance in the period of compulsory education (raising the school leaving age to 16) and the rights and responsibilities of parents in relation to the education system. A National Educational Board was established to oversee the enactment of the provisions of this act." https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/31853/1/MPRA_paper_31853.pdf

zuletzt geprüft: 19.06.2019

2001, Teaching Council Act: "In Ireland, the Teaching Council Act (No. 8 of 2001) established the Teaching Council to promote teaching as a profession; to promote the professional development of teachers; to maintain and improve the quality of teaching; to provide for the establishment of standards, policies and procedures for the education and training of teachers and other matters relating to teachers and the teaching profession; to provide for the registration and regulation of teachers; and to enhance professional standards and competence." https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/31853/1/MPRA_paper_31853.pdf

zuletzt geprüft: 19.06.2019

2004, Education for Persons with Special Educational Needs Act 2004 : "The Education for Persons with Special Educational Needs Act 2004 providing for education services for persons with disabilities, with a particular focus on children." https://eacea.ec.europa.eu/national-policies/eurydice/content/fundamental-principles-and-national-policies-37_en

zuletzt geprüft: 19.06.2019

2012, Education and Training Act 2012 : "The Qualifications and Quality Assurance (Education and Training Act 2012 establishing Quality and Qualifications Ireland as Ireland's quality assurance agency for further and higher education, as well as implementing the national qualifications framework covering all awards in the State;" https://eacea.ec.europa.eu/national-policies/eurydice/content/fundamental-principles-and-national-policies-37_en

zuletzt geprüft: 19.06.2019


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