Neu-Registrierung

Falls Sie noch kein Benutzerkonto auf edumeres.net besitzen, können Sie sich hier registrieren, um den vollen Funktionsumfang der Plattform nutzen zu können.

Textbook systems worldwide

Länderprofil

Lithuania


Bildungssystem

Das Bildungssystem ist föderal organisiert.

"Education is under the responsibility of the Ministry of Education and Science (MES). To a certain extent, responsibility for the provision of education is shared between the central government, county governors, loval governments and governing bodies of educational institutions. The country is divided into ten administrative areas or counties, each with a Department of Education. The counties comprise sixty municipalities governed by municipality councils. A significant part of the competencies belonging to the Ministry of Education and Science has been delegated to the Departments of Education, primarily responsible for organizing the supervision of schools." http://www.ibe.unesco.org/fileadmin/user_upload/Publications/WDE/2010/pdf-versions/Lithuania.pdf

zuletzt geprüft: 27.06.2019

"A child must start attending pre-primary education on turning 6 years of age during the calendar year (pre-primary education is obligatory). Education is compulsory until the age of 16, meaning that primary and lower secondary education is mandatory. Students’ progress and achievements are measured through standardized testing in the 2nd, 4th, 6th and 8th grades. The standardized testing is not compulsory and it can be initiated by schools or municipalities. The development of test items, assessment instructions and recommendations on how to interpret the results of the standardized tests are centralized. Schools are responsible for test administration and assessment procedures. The assessment of lower secondary education achievements in grade 10 (grade II in gymnasium schools) is mandatory. Upper secondary education is concluded by mandatory Matura examinations, which are used both to evaluate pupils’ achievements and to enter higher education institutions. Learners are granted some freedom in choosing study subjects in the two final years of their lower secondary education. This is expanded on greatly in upper secondary education and tertiary education." https://eacea.ec.europa.eu/national-policies/eurydice/content/lithuania_en

zuletzt geprüft: 27.06.2019


Lehrpläne

Lehrplan basiertes System

"Responsibility for design and implementation of curriculum has been progressively decentralised in the past two decades. A 2002 OECD review of Lithuania's education policies noted that the curriculum policy was centrally defined by the MoES General Education Department (OECD, 2002). One and a half decades later, PISA 2015 results show that Lithuania ranks among the countries with high school autonomy in the curriculum development (Table 3.2). While MoES sets general policy framework and standards, school teachers and principals are largely responsible for the curriculum design and implementation." http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/education-in-lithuania_9789264281486-en#page93

zuletzt geprüft: 27.06.2019


Pflichtschulzeit

"All citizens are required to attend school from the age of 6 (7). They receive general education or attend a general secondary school or a school of different type until the age of 16 (grades-10)." http://www.ibe.unesco.org/fileadmin/user_upload/Publications/WDE/2010/pdf-versions/Lithuania.pdf

zuletzt geprüft: 27.06.2019


Schulbuchproduktion

Die Schulbuchproduktion wird von privatwirtschaftlichen Unternehmen durchgeführt. Die Schulbuchproduktion ist staatlich organisiert.

"Elsewhere, the state continues to be involved in distributing books to the schools. In Lithuania, the state distribution organization has been privatized but textbook distribution has been taken over by the Ministry of Culture and Education and remains state-controlled." http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0012/001234/123487e.pdf

zuletzt geprüft: 27.06.2019


Schulbuchformate

Schulbücher werden in gedruckter Form bereitgestellt. Schulbücher werden in digitaler Form bereitgestellt.

"Teachers are encouraged to use new computer and information technologies in the educational process. The project method is one of those that easily integrates formal and non-formal educational content." https://eacea.ec.europa.eu/national-policies/eurydice/content/teaching-and-learning-primary-education-27_en

zuletzt geprüft: 27.06.2019


Schulbuchzulassung

Schulbücher sind für den Gebrauch an Schulen zugelassen.

[There is state approval in Lithuania and the textbooks are prescribed.] [For specific details see the table on pages 68 and 70.] http://biriwa.com/iartem/ejournal/volume4.2/papers/Paper4_Wilkens_ApprovalSystemsandPISA_Final_Vol4No2.pdf

zuletzt geprüft: 27.06.2019


Schulbuchauswahl

LehrerIn

"Textbooks and exercise books are not compulsory learning tools. Teachers can choose other sources, video and audio recordings and other learning tools that promote pupils’ creativity, autonomy, etc. The school decides which educational materials (handbooks, etc.) to purchase." https://eacea.ec.europa.eu/national-policies/eurydice/content/teaching-and-learning-primary-education-27_en

zuletzt geprüft: 27.06.2019


Lehrmittelfreiheit

Schulbücher werden den SchülerInnen kostenlos zur Verfügung gestellt.

"Textbooks are provided free of charge." http://www.ibe.unesco.org/fileadmin/user_upload/Publications/WDE/2010/pdf-versions/Lithuania.pdf

zuletzt geprüft: 27.06.2019


LehrerInnenausbildung

LehrerInnen benötigen eine zusätzliche praktische Ausblidung. LehrerInnen benötigen einen Universitätsabschluss.

"n Lithuania, teachers are trained in higher education institutions – universities and colleges. The prospective teachers study according to pre-school education, primary education or concrete subject study programs. Educators working with children with special needs are trained according to special pedagogy study programs. Applicants for arts educational studies usually have to pass an entrance exam where they must demonstrate their artistic skills. Sports achievements are evaluated when entering the study program for sports and physical education. When entering language teaching, there is no additional assessment of the language that the applicant wants to study." https://eacea.ec.europa.eu/national-policies/eurydice/content/initial-education-teachers-working-early-childhood-and-school-education-43_en

zuletzt geprüft: 27.06.2019

"There are various forms of ITE [Initial Teacher Education] study programs. In the case of Bachelor’s or Professional Bachelor’s[i] integrated pedagogical studies, their duration corresponds to the Bachelor’s and Professional Bachelor’s requirements. Bachelor’s pedagogical studies last for 4 years (240 ECTS), while Professional Bachelor’s pedagogical studies last for 3 years (210 ECTS). A study module on pedagogy comprises 60 ECTS. These study credits are usually distributed through one year. The scope of an educational subject or pedagogical specialization[ii] is no less than 60 ECTS. Up to 180 ECTS can be allocated to a few modules of educational subjects or pedagogical specializations. No less than 30 ECTS are given to school (teaching) practice." https://eacea.ec.europa.eu/national-policies/eurydice/content/initial-education-teachers-working-early-childhood-and-school-education-43_en

zuletzt geprüft: 27.06.2019

"Concurrent and so-called adjacent models are used in ITE. The Teacher’s Qualification can also be obtained after completion of the professional pedagogical studies (in a consecutive way) or in alternative ways. A person studying in a concurrent way completes a Bachelor’s or Professional Bachelor’s teacher training study program. A study module on pedagogy is integrated into the teacher training study program. On completion of the program, a Bachelor’s or Professional Bachelor’s pedagogical degree and a Teacher’s Qualification are acquired. A person studying in an adjacent way completes a study module on pedagogy alongside a Bachelor’s or Professional Bachelor’s non-pedagogical study program. On completion of the studies, a Bachelor’s or Professional Bachelor’s main study degree and a Teacher’s Qualification are acquired. Those who have already acquired a tertiary education and want to become teachers can choose a consecutive model. That is, to complete the professional study program that is based on the study module on pedagogy. On completion of the professional study program on pedagogy a Teacher’s Qualification is acquired." https://eacea.ec.europa.eu/national-policies/eurydice/content/initial-education-teachers-working-early-childhood-and-school-education-43_en

zuletzt geprüft: 27.06.2019


Geschichte

Geschichte ist ein Kombinationsfach.

"The lower secondary education programme consists of the following areas of learning: - moral education (religion or ethics); - languages (Lithuanian language and literature, other native languages (Belorussian, Polish, Russian, German), foreign languages); - mathematics; - natural sciences (biology, chemistry, physics); - social sciences (history, geography, citizenship, social and public activity, economics and entrepreneurship, psychology); [...]." https://eacea.ec.europa.eu/national-policies/eurydice/content/teaching-and-learning-general-lower-secondary-education-22_en

zuletzt geprüft: 27.06.2019


Politik/Sozialkunde

Politik/Sozialkunde ist ein Kombinationsfach.

"The lower secondary education programme consists of the following areas of learning: - moral education (religion or ethics); - languages (Lithuanian language and literature, other native languages (Belorussian, Polish, Russian, German), foreign languages); - mathematics; - natural sciences (biology, chemistry, physics); - social sciences (history, geography, citizenship, social and public activity, economics and entrepreneurship, psychology); [...]." https://eacea.ec.europa.eu/national-policies/eurydice/content/teaching-and-learning-general-lower-secondary-education-22_en

zuletzt geprüft: 27.06.2019


Religion

Religion ist ein Einzelfach.

"The lower secondary education programme consists of the following areas of learning: - moral education (religion or ethics); - languages (Lithuanian language and literature, other native languages (Belorussian, Polish, Russian, German), foreign languages); - mathematics; - natural sciences (biology, chemistry, physics); - social sciences (history, geography, citizenship, social and public activity, economics and entrepreneurship, psychology); [...]." https://eacea.ec.europa.eu/national-policies/eurydice/content/teaching-and-learning-general-lower-secondary-education-22_en

zuletzt geprüft: 27.06.2019

"Religious education is specified as an elective subject of moral education and is obligatory subject in a primary, middle and secondary school curriculum. Accord to Article 31 of the Education Act, it is an opportunity and duty of the parents or guardians of the children up to the age of 14 to chose for them either ethical moral education or religious education. After the age of 14 the child has a right to choose for themselves between religious or ethical education."

Rugevičiūtė, Rita Giedrė (2014): Religious Education at Schools in Lithuania. In: Rothgangel, Martin (Hg.): Religious Education at Schools in Europe: Part 3: Northern Europe. Göttingen: V&R unipress Gmbh, p.189f.


Geographie

Geographie ist ein Kombinationsfach.

"The lower secondary education programme consists of the following areas of learning: - moral education (religion or ethics); - languages (Lithuanian language and literature, other native languages (Belorussian, Polish, Russian, German), foreign languages); - mathematics; - natural sciences (biology, chemistry, physics); - social sciences (history, geography, citizenship, social and public activity, economics and entrepreneurship, psychology); [...]." https://eacea.ec.europa.eu/national-policies/eurydice/content/teaching-and-learning-general-lower-secondary-education-22_en

zuletzt geprüft: 27.06.2019


Bildungsreformen

1990, Reestablishment of Lithuania's independence: "With the reestablishment of Lithuania's independence on 11 March 1990, the educational reform was started." http://www.ibe.unesco.org/fileadmin/user_upload/Publications/WDE/2010/pdf-versions/Lithuania.pdf

zuletzt geprüft: 27.06.2019

1991, Law on Education No. I-1489: "Until 1998, the education system was regulated by the Law on Education No. I-1489 of 25 June 1991." http://www.ibe.unesco.org/fileadmin/user_upload/Publications/WDE/2010/pdf-versions/Lithuania.pdf

zuletzt geprüft: 27.06.2019

1992, Constitution: "The Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania, approved on 25 October 1992, stipulates that educational establishments run by the state and local governments are secular; religion may be taught at parents' request. Education is compulsory for all citizens until the age of 16 (i.e. ten years). Instruction in public schools of general education, vocational schools and colleges is free of charge. [...] The State grants allowances to pupils and students in need of financial assistance and allocates funds for grants and credits. Private educational institutions charge fees." http://www.ibe.unesco.org/fileadmin/user_upload/Publications/WDE/2010/pdf-versions/Lithuania.pdf

zuletzt geprüft: 27.06.2019

1998, Law on Education No. VIII-854: "The amended Law on Education No. VIII-854 of 2 July 1998 introduced some substantial changes in the former law, such as the establishment of ten-year general (basic) education, the admission of students aged 14 to vocational schools, and changes in the system of teachers assessment among others." http://www.ibe.unesco.org/fileadmin/user_upload/Publications/WDE/2010/pdf-versions/Lithuania.pdf

zuletzt geprüft: 27.06.2019

2008, MES Resolution: "The MES [Ministry of Education and Science] Resolution of 26 August 2008 approving the General Curriculum Framework for primary and basic (lower secondary) education specifies a number of principles that must be observed in the process of preparation of the Framework. The first relates to relevance. [...] The second principle is value for further learning and work." http://www.ibe.unesco.org/fileadmin/user_upload/Publications/WDE/2010/pdf-versions/Lithuania.pdf

zuletzt geprüft: 27.06.2019

2013, National Education Strategy for 2013-2022: "The National Education Strategy for 2013-2022 sets out four main goals of national education policy: - Reflective, constantly developing and working highly effectively professional teachers and lecturers. - Established quality culture of education. - Creation of conditions to extract individual abilities and meet special needs. - Establishment of the incentives and equal conditions based system of lifelong learning." https://eacea.ec.europa.eu/national-policies/eurydice/content/fundamental-principles-and-national-policies-44_en#P

zuletzt geprüft: 27.06.2019

2017, Teacher Training Model: "On 14 September 2017 the Minister of Education and Science approved a new description of the Teacher Training Model (Model) prepared by various stakeholders. Its purpose is to create the preconditions for effective and qualitative functioning of teacher training and continuous professional development (CPD) system. [...] The legislation on teacher training is currently underway and the process of optimizing state higher education institutions has already begun. The Ministry of Education and Science expects a new Teacher Training Model to be launched from 2020." https://eacea.ec.europa.eu/national-policies/eurydice/content/fundamental-principles-and-national-policies-44_en#P

zuletzt geprüft: 27.06.2019


Click to leave feedback

Ihr Feedback