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Textbook systems worldwide

Länderprofil

United Kingdom


Bildungssystem

Das Bildungssystem ist föderal organisiert.

"Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland have significant autonomy over education issues. Despite this independence, many aspects of the diverse U.K. educational systems remain similar. The most notable differences are seen in the Scottish education system; they are highlighted in this article as applicable." https://wenr.wes.org/2016/02/education-in-the-u-k

zuletzt geprüft: 09.10.2018


Pflichtschulzeit

"Across the UK there are five stages of education: early years, primary, secondary, Further Education (FE) and Higher Education (HE). Education is compulsory for all children between the ages of 5 (4 in Northern Ireland) and 16. FE is not compulsory and covers non-advanced education which can be taken at further (including tertiary) education colleges and HE institutions (HEIs)." https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/219167/v01-2012ukes.pdf

zuletzt geprüft: 09.10.2018

"Education is compulsory for all children in the United Kingdom at the elementary and lower-secondary levels; most students are between the ages of five and 16." https://wenr.wes.org/2016/02/education-in-the-u-k

zuletzt geprüft: 09.10.2018


Schulbuchzulassung

“In some countries with an open system of textbook supply (non-state monopoly) new textbooks have to pass through an evaluation and approval process before they are allowed to be used in schools. […] However in other countries such as France, Italy and the UK no such formal approval schemes are employed. In these countries some guidance may be given to which books or materials are suitable for which curriculum, but all adoption and purchase decisions are left to the individual school or teacher.”

Braslavsky, Cecilia; Halil, Katya (2006): Textbooks and quality learning for all. Some lessons learned from international experiences. Paris: Unesco; International Bureau of Education (Studies in comparative education), p. 204.


Schulbuchauswahl

Schule LehrerIn

“[…] some guidance may be given as to which books or materials are suitable for which curriculum, but all adoption and purchase decisions are left to the individual school or teacher.”

Braslavsky, Cecilia; Halil, Katya (2006): Textbooks and quality learning for all. Some lessons learned from international experiences. Paris: Unesco; International Bureau of Education (Studies in comparative education), p. 204-205.


Lehrmittelfreiheit

Schulbücher werden den SchülerInnen kostenlos zur Verfügung gestellt.

“In the U.K. the local education authority is the prime source of funds; each school in the authority is funded with an annual capitation allowance per pupil that includes the purchase of textbooks. Additionally central government occasionally provides special grants dedicated to specific purchases (e. g. literacy materials or online supplements). The school may also raise its own funds from parents usually for library purchases or dictionaries. Parents occasionally buy their children a textbook if all else fails.”

Braslavsky, Cecilia; Halil, Katya (2006): Textbooks and quality learning for all. Some lessons learned from international experiences. Paris: Unesco; International Bureau of Education (Studies in comparative education), p. 201.


Geschichte

Geschichte ist ein Einzelfach.

"Students typically then select an additional 4 or 5 subjects in which to take GCSE's, and they can be subjects like French, German, Business Studies, Design and Technology, Music, Sports Science, Geography, History and many other options." http://www.internationalstudent.com/study_uk/education_system/secondary_education/

zuletzt geprüft: 09.10.2018


Religion

Religion ist ein Einzelfach.

"The vast majority of schools in the UK are required by law to organise acts of collective worship (England, Northern Ireland, Wales) or religious observance (Scotland) for their pupils." http://collectiveschoolworship.com/documents/CollectiveWorshipReligiousObservanceAHRCNetworkReport13November2015.pdf

zuletzt geprüft: 09.10.2018


Geographie

Geographie ist ein Einzelfach.

"Students typically then select an additional 4 or 5 subjects in which to take GCSE's, and they can be subjects like French, German, Business Studies, Design and Technology, Music, Sports Science, Geography, History and many other options." http://www.internationalstudent.com/study_uk/education_system/secondary_education/

zuletzt geprüft: 09.10.2018


Bildungsreformen

1944, Education Act: "The 1944 Act nevertheless provided the main framework for state education for four decades in Britain until the radical changes implemented by the Education Reform Act of 1988. This legislation allowed both primary and secondary schools to opt out of local authority control and be funded by central government. About a quarter of all state schools chose to reconstitute themselves along these lines. However, under further legislation in 1998 these 'grant maintained schools' were abolished and replaced by 'foundation schools' which have greater autonomy over their affairs." http://www.parliament.uk/about/living-heritage/transformingsociety/livinglearning/school/overview/educationreformact1988/

zuletzt geprüft: 14.11.2018

1988, Education Reform Act: "The Education Reform Act of 1988 established, amongst other things, the idea of a National Curriculum (NC) for England, Wales and Northern Ireland. The National Curriculum set out to 'promote the spiritual, moral, cultural, mental and physical development of pupils at the school and of society'; and 'prepare such pupils for the opportunities, responsibilities and experiences of adult life'. It introduced Key Stages (periods of school education) with corresponding Attainment Targets ('the knowledge, skills and understanding which pupils of different abilities and maturities are expected to have by the end of each Key Stage') and Programmes of Study ('the matters, skills and processes which are required to be taught to pupils of different abilities and maturities during each Key Stage'). Whilst there have been changes since 1988, these general structures have largely been maintained.
Ten subjects (plus Religion Education) were set out; and the Act defined a set of ‘core’ curriculum subjects (including mathematics and science) and as well as other ‘foundation’ subjects (including technology)." https://www.stem.org.uk/elibrary/collection/3166

zuletzt geprüft: 09.10.2018

2006, Education and Inspections Act 2006: "An Act to make provision about primary, secondary and further education and about training; to make provision about food or drink provided on school premises or in connection with the provision of education or childcare; to provide for the establishment of an Office for Standards in Education, Children’s Services and Skills and the appointment of Her Majesty’s Chief Inspector of Education, [...]." http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2006/40/pdfs/ukpga_20060040_en.pdf

zuletzt geprüft: 09.10.2018

2010, Academies Act: "The Academies Act 2010 aims to make it possible for all publicly funded schools (maintained primary, secondary and special schools) to become academies that benefit from greater freedoms to innovate and raise standards. These include a freedom from local authority, an ability to set pay and conditions for staff, the option not to follow the National Curriculum and the discretion to change the lengths of terms and school days." http://www.ibe.unesco.org/fileadmin/user_upload/Publications/WDE/2010/pdf-versions/United_Kingdom_England.pdf

zuletzt geprüft: 09.10.2018


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