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Textbook systems worldwide

Länderprofil

Bosnia and Herzegovina


Bildungssystem

Das Bildungssystem ist föderal organisiert.

"Taking into account the constitutional framework of Bosnia and Herzegovina, education is under full and undivided responsibility of the Republic of Srpska, ten cantons in the Federation of BiH and Brcko District of BiH. Each of these twelve administrative units has its own ministry of education, education legislation, education budgets, creates its education policy and has all other rights and obligations arising from the mandate of a competent education authority, responsible for the organization and functioning of education within its area of competence. There is the Federal Ministry of Education and Science at the level of the Federation of BiH that has a coordinating role over the cantonal ministries of education." https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000229929

zuletzt geprüft: 06.02.2019


Lehrpläne

Lehrplan basiertes System

"Curricula are approved by the ministries of education of the Republika Srpska (RS), the ten cantons of the Federation, and at the level of the Brčko District. They are designed and developed by the Pedagogic Institutes, which are also in charge of teacher training and assessment of school performance. Syllabi are prepared by the subject-related working groups, and are then approved by the educational authorities. The members of the working groups mainly include subject experts from schools, pedagogic institutes and university faculties. Based on the provisions of the Framework Law on Primary and Secondary Education, common core curricula are being adopted and implemented in all public and private schools, on the basis of the agreement reached by the ministries of education in 2003. The common core curricula include the subjects, subject contents and common relevant topics, and are manatory for all students." http://www.ibe.unesco.org/fileadmin/user_upload/Publications/WDE/2010/pdf-versions/Bosnia_and_Herzegovina.pdf

zuletzt geprüft: 06.02.2019

"Education system in Bosnia and Herzegovina is identical in terms of methodology and structure of the curricula –each of the three curricula [There are three curricula in Bosnia and Herzegovina – the Curriculum for primary schools in the Republic of Srpska, the Framework Curriculum for the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the Croatian-language curriculum.] determines content which teachers teach to children, but they disregard the fact that teachers should provide guidance for their students in order to achieve certain objectives at the end of the primary or secondary school. Having this in mind, we can say that there is only one education system in Bosnia and Herzegovina. However, if we consider the contentof the curricula (specifically the national group of subjects), then we have three different education systems. Three different curricula are the result of the assigned jurisdictions within the education system –in the Republic of Srpska education is placed at the entity level and managed by the corresponding ministry through the Pedagogical institute of the Republic of Srpska. In the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina the jurisdiction is delegated to the cantons. However, the Education Institute in Mostar is in charge of all schools that follow the Croatian-language curriculum, where as the cantons comprised of Bosniak majorityuse the Framework Curriculum for the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina which is adapted, changed and amended." http://eu-monitoring.ba/site/wp-content/uploads/2015/06/Primary-and-secondary-education-in-Bosnia-and-Herzegovina.pdf

zuletzt geprüft: 06.02.2019


Pflichtschulzeit

"The implementation of new nine-year compulsory primary (basic) education programme started 2003/04, and it is intended to replace the former eight-year primary programme (still being offered in about 64% of schools in the cantons of the Federation in 2009/10). The entry age is 6. The modul of Framework Curriculum for nine-year primary school in the Federation as well as the nine-year primary school curriculum in the Republika Srpska, are organized into three-year cycles, i.e. preparatory (grades 1-3), classroom instruction (grades 4-6), and subject instruction (grades 7-9)." http://www.ibe.unesco.org/fileadmin/user_upload/Publications/WDE/2010/pdf-versions/Bosnia_and_Herzegovina.pdf

zuletzt geprüft: 06.02.2019


Schulbuchproduktion

Die Schulbuchproduktion ist staatlich organisiert.

"Apart from the content-oriented curricula, education in Bosnia and Herzegovina has another pressing issue – textbooks. Needless to say, textbook policy is also disparate – in the Republic of Srpska textbooks are published by the Institute for Textbook Publishing and Teaching Aids and there is only one textbook for one subject for the whole territory of the Republic of Srpska. Liberation policy has been announced as well as the prospect of issuing an invitation to tenders for textbook authorization, however, the publishing monopoly is still in the hands of the state publisher." http://eu-monitoring.ba/site/wp-content/uploads/2015/06/Primary-and-secondary-education-in-Bosnia-and-Herzegovina.pdf

zuletzt geprüft: 06.02.2019


Schulbuchzulassung

Schulbücher sind für den Gebrauch an Schulen zugelassen.

"The Federal Ministry of Education and Science, on behalf of the cantonal ministries of education that compose the Conference of Ministers of Education, issues an invitation to tenders for the selection of textbooks. Publishers apply for the tender with encoded manuscripts. The publishers also pay a five-member team of consulting editors for textbooks which, in accordance with a recommended form that is the same for all textbooks for all subjects, evaluate submitted manuscripts, rank them and, in accordance with the validpolicy, authorize a number of textbooks that will be used in class for a particular subject. During the tenure of the Federal Minister of Education and Science Meliha Alić, two models have been used –until 2008 out of all edited textbooks for authorization, three textbooks with the highest score were selected. For the next two years all edited textbooks that scored 85% or more points were authorized to be used in class. Because of that decision, for the time being, ten history textbooks were authorized for the seventh grade. After Damir Mašić had become the Federal Minister of Education and Science in 2011, all the earlier selection mechanisms (encoded manuscripts, five-member consulting editor team, the same editor form) were retained, however, only one textbook was authorized for schools." http://eu-monitoring.ba/site/wp-content/uploads/2015/06/Primary-and-secondary-education-in-Bosnia-and-Herzegovina.pdf

zuletzt geprüft: 06.02.2019


Schulbuchauswahl

Ministerium LehrerIn

"After Damir Mašić had become the Federal Minister of Education and Science in 2011, all the earlier selection mechanisms (encoded manuscripts, five-member consulting editor team, the same editor form) were retained, however, only one textbook was authorized for schools. The biggest problem with this policy of textbook selection is the lack of transparency and the lack of responsibility on the part of editors for the omissions made while evaluating the submitted manuscripts." http://eu-monitoring.ba/site/wp-content/uploads/2015/06/Primary-and-secondary-education-in-Bosnia-and-Herzegovina.pdf

zuletzt geprüft: 06.02.2019

"In schools where class is held in Croatian language, teachers may choose textbooks between two given publishers." http://eu-monitoring.ba/site/wp-content/uploads/2015/06/Primary-and-secondary-education-in-Bosnia-and-Herzegovina.pdf

zuletzt geprüft: 06.02.2019


LehrerInnenausbildung

LehrerInnen benötigen einen Universitätsabschluss. LehrerInnen benötigen eine zusätzliche praktische Ausblidung.

"Teachers are educated at eight public universities in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and two private higher education institutions. There are several teacher education faculties within each university. Faculties of teacher education prepare primary teachers (and sometimes subject teachers for upper primary schools) while subject teachers for secondary schools are prepared at non-teacher faculties for the relevant subject discipline as are most subject teachers for upper primary schools. Non-teacher faculties sometimes have a department for teachers. Teachers who teach subjects in vocational schools are prepared at the same higher education institutions where students are prepared for the corresponding vocations with no specific teacher training departments or courses provided. However, before they can teach they are obliged to pass an ecamination in the methodological-didactic group of subjects at another institution that provides relevant courses. The process of passing this exam varies substantially from one school to another. A general problem in secondary vocational schools is that teachers of vocational subjects come from non-teacher faculties and have little or no training in the educational sciences, psychology or teaching methods." http://www.ibe.unesco.org/fileadmin/user_upload/Publications/WDE/2010/pdf-versions/Bosnia_and_Herzegovina.pdf

zuletzt geprüft: 06.02.2019

"In Republika Srpska, the law stipulates an obligation for in-service professional development for teachers in primary, but not in secondary education. The route to obtaining a licence is regulated by a statute currently being developed for licensing pre-primary, primary and secondary teachers." http://www.ibe.unesco.org/fileadmin/user_upload/Publications/WDE/2010/pdf-versions/Bosnia_and_Herzegovina.pdf

zuletzt geprüft: 06.02.2019


Geschichte

Geschichte ist ein Einzelfach.

[For specific details see the tables on pages 12, 13 and 14.] http://www.ibe.unesco.org/fileadmin/user_upload/Publications/WDE/2010/pdf-versions/Bosnia_and_Herzegovina.pdf

zuletzt geprüft: 06.02.2019


Politik/Sozialkunde

Politik/Sozialkunde ist ein Kombinationsfach.

[For specific details see the tables on pages 12, 13 and 14.] http://www.ibe.unesco.org/fileadmin/user_upload/Publications/WDE/2010/pdf-versions/Bosnia_and_Herzegovina.pdf

zuletzt geprüft: 06.02.2019


Religion

Religion ist ein Einzelfach.

[For specific details see the table on page 12.] http://www.ibe.unesco.org/fileadmin/user_upload/Publications/WDE/2010/pdf-versions/Bosnia_and_Herzegovina.pdf

zuletzt geprüft: 06.02.2019


Geographie

Geographie ist ein Einzelfach.

[For specific details see the tables on pages 12, 13 and 14.] http://www.ibe.unesco.org/fileadmin/user_upload/Publications/WDE/2010/pdf-versions/Bosnia_and_Herzegovina.pdf

zuletzt geprüft: 06.02.2019


Bildungsreformen

2002, Child-Friendly Schools Project: "The Child-Friendly Schools (CFS) project initiated in 2002 by UNICEF was created to address the quality of teaching by changing the teaching practices to focus on children rather than teachers and encourage child participation. Training centres and practice classrooms were established in each canton, region and district throughout the country to ensure improved school management and ongoing professional development." http://www.ibe.unesco.org/fileadmin/user_upload/Publications/WDE/2010/pdf-versions/Bosnia_and_Herzegovina.pdf

zuletzt geprüft: 06.02.2019

2007, Framework Law on Preschool Education: "The Framework Law on Preschool Education in Bosnia and Herzegovina of 2007 determines that preschool education is an integral part of the education system and envisages one year of compulsory preschool attendance for all preschool aged children before enrolment into primary school (Article 16). In 2008 the cantons of Sarajevo and Posavina adopted laws on preschool education and care in accordance with the Framework Law." http://www.ibe.unesco.org/fileadmin/user_upload/Publications/WDE/2010/pdf-versions/Bosnia_and_Herzegovina.pdf

zuletzt geprüft: 06.02.2019

2008, Law on Compulsory Schooling: "The Law on education in primary and secondary schools of the Brčko District (2008) stipulates that a pupil who reaches the age of 15 is no longer obliged to attend primary school in that calendar year, and that full-time student of a secondary school cannot be a person older than 18, or 19 years of age in case of a child with special needs. The Law on primary education in Sarajevo Canton (2008) stipulates that primary education shall last nine years and it shall be mandatory for children of age 6 to 15." http://www.ibe.unesco.org/fileadmin/user_upload/Publications/WDE/2010/pdf-versions/Bosnia_and_Herzegovina.pdf

zuletzt geprüft: 06.02.2019


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